The walnut belongs to the small order of trees and shrubs known as Juglandeae. Walnut trees are very large, ranging from 50 to 75 feet in height and width. Kashmir revels in reputation in that it is the only region in India where the walnut tree grows. The natural sheen, color and grains are indeed exceptional and unique. The carving and fret- work done on this wood is of a delight.
Generally two types of walnut trees are found in Jammu and Kashmir- one that bears fruit and is noted for its wood, and another which is not fruit-bearing. The latter is known as ‘zangul’ in local parlance and is less strong and possesses no grains.
The walnut wood is almost black, and the grain here is much more pronounced than the wood of the trunk which is lighter in color.
Black in color, the walnut wood is used for making furniture and carvings. The branches have the lightest color, being almost blonde, and have no noticeable grain. The inherent worth of the wood from each part of the tree differs. The root part is the most expensive and the branches having the lowest price.
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